Violence against women and the walk of public policy/Violência contra a mulher e o caminhar das políticas públicas/La violencia contra las mujeres y el paseo de las políticas públicas

Claudete Ferreira de Souza Monteiro


For centuries, violence against women was restricted to the privacy of the home, the observation of neighbors and interference of a few family members. Is configured in a complex and controversial issue that involves moral concepts, dynamics of power/affection, subordination/domination, therefore "private" and difficult to approach.

In this context, the home becomes therefore, scenary to fights, jealousy, aggression scenes in which the only spectators are the children. This space, preserved as inviolable, does not allow others to interfere, leaving increasingly confined women to this situation.

Violence against women is associated with high economic costs, social, and health, making it a complex and comprehensive phenomenon, both because of issues related to the domination/submission involving gender relations, as those pertaining to physical and mental health of victimized women. The latter are not always displayed but expressed through psychosomatic symptoms which may be prolonged and chronic.

The data of this violence become more visible as they seek public service to women care, and have shown alarming proportions, given the 2014 Balance Call 180, available in March 2015, presenting a total of 52,957 reports of violence against women. Of these, 51.68% refers to physical violence; 31.81% to psychological violence; 9.68% to moral violence; 1.94% to financial abuse; 2.86% sexual violence; 1.76% to imprisonment; and 0.26% human trafficking¹.

In terms of public policy, by 2003, Brazil had the Special Police and shelter homes to care for women in situations of violence. Notably, in the last 10 years, the country has invested more in these policies, such as the creation in 2003 of the Secretariat on Policies for Women; in 2005, the National Plan of Policies for Women and the implementation of Call Center Women through Dial 180 and the following year with Law 11.340/2006, called Maria da Penha Law, through which actually creates mechanisms for prevent domestic and family violence against women¹.

The Call 180, is now considered the main door of access to services that integrate the National Network to Fight Violence Against Women and privileged database for the formulation of policies of the Federal Government in this area. Started as a channel for advice on public rights and services aimed at female population across the country and from the Law No. 13,025/2014 began to perform the reception and orientation, directing complaints to the competent organs of research, with the assaulted woman's consent and, more recently, expanding the services to other countries such as Portugal, Spain and Italy.

Other efforts have also been announced, such as the National Pact to Combat Violence against Women, launched in 2007. This is an agreement between the Federal Government and the state governments and Brazilian Municipal planning actions that enable the consolidation of National Policy on Combating Violence against Women. In 2011 launches the Fight Network violence against women and, more recently, in 2013, by Decree No. 8086, instituted the program "Woman: live without violence", whose axes include, among others, the implementation of the House of Brazilian Women, the organization and humanization of care for victims of sexual violence, the implementation and maintenance of the service to Women centers in the regions of dry border, continued awareness campaigns and mobile units for assistance to women in situations of violence the county and in forest².

Giving reinforcement, especially to sexual violence against women, the Government launched in March 2015, the Interministerial Ordinance no. 288/2015 laying down guidelines for the organization and integration of care for victims of sexual violence by law enforcement professionals and health professionals of the Unified Health System (SUS) about the humanization of care and the registration of information and collection of traces².

Many are government efforts to deal with violence against women. However, the effectiveness of these policies still needs better coordination with the assistance and legal network, training of health professionals for the recognition of such violence and adequacy of services to make more humane care and work on this issue in schools, with adolescents and women and men in all living spaces.

Violence against women is a cruel and unjust reality that needs space in nursing reflections so that professionals are fully aware of the repercussions of this phenomenon and give emphasis to a new way of thinking and acting. These professionals can provide link to support women, whether in health issues and in the guidance to find own ways or direct it to other services in order to contribute to improving the life of this woman.

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Brasil | Biblioteca Virtual en Salud Enfermería | Enfermagem  





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